Topic outline

  • Orienteering for Future Students and Admission Procedures

    The ADMISSION CALL for the Master's Degree in OPTOMETRY AND VISION SCIENCE has been published here:

    under the section “Admission and Enrolment” -  “CALL FOR ADMISSION 2024/2025 A.Y”.


    The approval process for the Master's Degree Course in Optometry and Vision Science is not yet complete. The Course will be activated in the academic year 2024/25 provided that the procedure concludes positively. All information reported on this website (e-LEARNING e DIDATTICA ONLINE) regarding the Master's Degree Course in Optometry and Vision Science should be considered provisional and subject to approval by the competent authorities.

    The first Open Day of the Master's Degree Course in Optometry and Vision Science took place remotely on Monday, May 6, 2024.

    A presentation in English is available in this session (Orienteering for Future Students and Admission Procedures) at the bottom of the page, together with the file "FAQ - frequently asked questions" updated on June 24, 2024.

    The access to the Master's degree course is by selection. For the academic year 2024-2025, there are 50 available positions.

    For admission to the Master's Degree Program, candidates must:

    • Have specific curricular requirements, i.e. a Bachelor's degree in the L-30 class of Physical Sciences and Technologies (DM 270/04) or Class 25 of Physical Sciences and Technologies; (DM 509/99), or another foreign academic qualification recognized as suitable. Those with a Bachelor's degree in a different class must have at least 30 ECTS credits in the scientific-disciplinary sectors FIS/01 - Experimental Physics, FIS/03 - Matter Physics, and FIS/07 - Applied Physics (to cultural heritage, environment, biology, and medicine);
    • Have English language proficiency equal to or higher than level B2. The English language proficiency requirement is considered fulfilled if the candidate meets one of the following conditions: 
      a) holds a certification, recognized by the University, issued by an accredited  institution, corresponding to level B2 or higher;
      b) has obtained the Bbetween English B2 open badge from the University of Milano-Bicocca;
      c) has achieved level B2 in English by taking the language test at the University of Milano-Bicocca;
      d) has completed a degree program entirely or predominantly taught in English.
    • Demonstrate adequate personal preparation assessed through an interview conducted as described below;
    • Rank favourably in the merit ranking.

    A Commission will preliminarily verify the possession of the curricular requirements and English language proficiency, based on the documentation submitted by the candidate, for the purpose of admission to the interview assessing personal preparation.


    The personal preparation assessment interview, which will only admit candidates who meet the required curricular prerequisites and English language proficiency, will be conducted in English and will cover topics from the following areas:

    • Arithmetic and algebra, trigonometry, exponentials and logarithms, complex numbers, functions of one and two real variables, derivatives and integrals, first and second order differential equations;
    • Physical quantities and their measurement, classical kinematics and dynamics;
    • Classical electromagnetism, electromagnetic waves in vacuum and in materials and their mathematical representation, interference and diffraction;
    • Geometric optics in paraxial approximation (reflection and refraction of light on a flat surface and on a spherical surface, thin and thick optical lenses, simple and compound lenses), multifocal lenses, optical and ophthalmic prisms, optical aberrations of lenses and mirrors, and basic elements of geometric models of ocular optics (refractive visual defects, correction of ametropia using ophthalmic lenses, definition of visual acuity, Snellen fraction, calculation of optotype sizes, minimum angle of visual resolution);
    • Anatomy and physiology of the visual system (eye and its component tunics, optic pathways, intrinsic and extrinsic eye muscles, mechanisms underlying the functioning of the visual system);
    • Ophthalmic optics: lens measurement tools and spectacle centration (thickness measurements, spherometer, lensometer, and practical skills in their use, optical notation, classical notation, transposed notation, spectacle lens centration elements, and calculation of the prismatic effect of a lens);
    • Basic concepts of optometry: elements of both objective and subjective refractive examination including practical skills, elements of ocular motility examination and binocular vision, and measurement of motor and sensory fusion characteristics (phorias, fusion range, fixation disparity, stereopsis), tools for measuring and evaluating ocular structures (keratometer, corneal topographer, slit lamp, and practical skills in their use), basic concepts for the application of soft and rigid contact lenses.

    While waiting for the publication of the admission call for the course, the document 'EXAMPLES OF QUESTIONS THAT WILL BE ASKED TO CANDIDATES DURING THE ADMISSION INTERVIEW' has been uploaded at the bottom of this page.

    Recommended textbooks for interview preparation:

    J. Steward (2015). Calculus – Concepts and Contexts, Brooks/Cole
    R. Resnick, D. Halliday, K.S. Krane (2010). Physics, Volume 1, Wiley 
    R. Resnick, D. Halliday, K.S. Krane (2001). Physics, Volume 2, Wiley
    Benjamin, W. J. (2006). Borish's Clinical Refraction. Elsevier Health Sciences.
    Elliott, D. B. (2020). Clinical procedures in primary eye care. Elsevier Health Sciences.
    Phillips, A. J., & Speedwell, L. (2018). Contact lenses. Elsevier Health Sciences.
    Scheiman, M., & Wick, B. (2008). Clinical management of binocular vision: heterophoric, accommodative, and eye movement disorders. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

    The interview will be evaluated using a parameter (A) ranging from 0 to 30 based on the candidate's competences and knowledge on the topics covered in the interview. The outcome of the personal preparation assessment will be considered positive if A≥18.

    For the academic year 2024/25, the admission ranking will be prepared based on the score P, defined as follows and rounded to the first decimal place:

    \( P = \Bigl\lceil 18 \frac{V}{110} + L + 80 \frac{A}{30} \Bigr\rceil \)


    • V is the Bachelor's degree grade expressed in one-hundredths (the highest grade in case the candidate holds multiple Bachelor's degrees; the grade will be converted into one-hundredths if originally expressed differently);
    • L=2 if the candidate graduated with honors in the final Bachelor's degree grade, or L=0  otherwise;
    • A is the outcome of the admission interview (for inclusion in the ranking, it is necessary that A≥18

    In the event that multiple candidates obtain the same score P, the candidate with the highest Bachelor's degree grade (V) will be ranked higher. In the event that multiple candidates achieve the same score P and the same grade V, the younger candidate will be ranked higher.
    All official information regarding the admission process to the course will be available in the appropriate admission document, which will be published as soon as possible.